Southern Mongolia

The Southern Mongolia is known for its Gobi desert, one of the world’s most unique ecosystems. When people imagine of Mongolian Gobi, they imagine wide-open unfertile land or continuous massive sand dunes. Mongolian Gobi is a combination of massive sand dunes, wide-open stony, but has vegetation steppes, marvelous rugged mountains rich in flora and fauna, oasis, rivers and streams. The region is famous for its unique nature formations, as well as rich dinosaur fossils and two humped Bactrian camels.

Places to visit: Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National park, Eagle valley, Khongor sand dunes, Bayanzag Flaming cliffs, White stupa, Baga gazriin chuluu, Ongi temple, Khermen tsav.

Activities: Camel and horse riding, hiking, trekking, sightseeing, nomadic culture experiencing, wildlife viewing, visiting archeological site.

 

Gurvan Saikhan National Park or Three beauty

There are three mountains which are called three beauties. Western, Eastern and Middle. This national park is 2.700.000 km square, includes sandy and rocky desert, rocks, dry drainage basins, streams and cold springs as well as oases. The park also provides habitat for many species of wildlife. Such as: Mongolian gazelle, the black- tailed gazelle, gobi bear, little toads or toad headed agamas, gobi jerboas, long-eared hedgehog, pikas, viper, Mongolian gerbil, The park is one of the main habitats for snow leopards, wild goat-ibex, wild sheep-argali.

 

Eagle Valley (Yoliin am)

Lammergyer’s gorge lies in the Eastern beauty mountain, are surrounded relatives by species-rich thickets-juniper. You can smell the juniper’s smell in here. Its altitude is approximately 2400-2500m. The valley is 69 sq.km. There are about 240 species of birds in the park. The area, as part of the Gobi Desert, sees little precipitation. However, Yolyn Am is notable for deep ice field.

 

Khongor sand dunes

It is the largest accumulation of sand in the park with an area of 900 sq.km. The wind continually blows from the north west; therefore the dunes can reach an imposing 200m in height on the leading edge. These high dunes are called “singing sands” by local. They are 6-12km wide, over 100km long. The sand is in the basins between the mountains originated on ancient lakes and rivers.

 

Bayanzag Flaming Cliffs

The Flaming Cliffs site, also known as Bayanzag (rich in saxaul), is a region of the Gobi Desert in which important fossil finds have been made. It was given this name by American paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews, who visited in the 1920s. The area is most famous for yielding the first discovery of dinosaur eggs.

 

White Stupa (Tsagaan Suvraga)

The scarp of Tsagaan Suvraga is located in the south west of Dundgobi province. It is a sheer slope that was an ancient seabed that featured a sedimentary structure that was created over millions of years. It is interesting to see this slope because it faces eastward towards the sun, and from a distance it appears to be the ruins of an ancient city.

 

Baga gazariin chuluu

Baga Gazariin Chuluu is 1751-meter high granite stone mountains in the territory of Adaatsag soum, Dundgobi aimag /Middle Gobi province/, is another place with unique scenery that many tourists compare with lunar scenes. The mountain contains remains of old temples. They are not only rich in minerals, crystals but also eyes spring, old stone temple ruins related with 17th century.

 

Ongi temple

Ongi monasteries- the world energy gathering point. Three monasteries of Ongi were famous, which are situated in the bank of Ongi. These monasteries have marked the high-energy gathering points and many monks studied and chanted to protect the area.

 

Khermen Tsav

In the Gobi, natural miracles are countless and one of them is named Khermen Tsav, a wonderful canyon made of red mud rocks. Khermen means "wall" and Tsav means "fissure". Thousand of years of erosion formed this majestic canyon, in which rocks are balanced 30 metres (98,43 feet) above ground.

The canyon stretches on 250 square kilometres (96,53 square miles), and is 200 metres (656,17 feet) deep, but between the lowest point and the highest one, there is a difference in height of 1000 metres (0,62 mile). The first dinosaur skeleton was found in that place. The colours are a gradation of reds and will delight the photographers.