ulaanbaatar city

Ulaanbaatar is capital city of Mongolia. Located in north central Mongolia, on the bank of Tuul River. It lies at the foothills of Bogd Khaan Mountain at an altitude of 1350 meters above sea level, covering an area of 4700 sq.km. The city is administratively divided into district and sub districts. More than million people live in the Capital city. The Capital city of Mongolia represents the symbol of struggle of Mongolians for freedom and independence, and it provides the history of political, economic and religious center of an independent country.

It is the country's cultural, industrial and financial heart, the center of Mongolia's road network and connected by rail to both the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia and the Chinese railway system. It is a very enjoyable place to visit and to prepare yourself for trips around the country. The city has interesting monasteries and museums and excellent cultural shows, so spent wonderful time here before heading out to the glorious valleys, steppes or desert of Mongolia.   

Places to visit: Sukhbaatar Square, Zaisan Memorial, National Museum, Gandan Monastery, Bogd Khaan’s Winter Palace Museum, The Zanabazar Museum of Fine Art, Hunting Museum, Wax Museum of Chinggis Khaan, Mongol Khuur center   

Activities: Monastery and museum visiting, sightseeing, dining, shopping, traditional folk concert

Gandan monastery

Gandan temple is the first temple in Gandantegchinleg Monastery and was established in 1836. Grand services take place in this temple. Along the left wall there are 108 volumes of the Kanguir, penned in the 14th century by Mongolian masters in gold ink on black paper. In the alter, a large statue of Buddha made by Mongolian lamas in 1956 for celebration of 2500th anniversary of Buddha’s death. And a Zanabazar’s portrait made in the 1680s by his mother’s request and it is surrounded by small statues of the seven subsequent Bogd Khans. Gold-plated statues of the Bodhisattva Amitayus, Buddha of Longevity.

Bogd Khaan’s winter palace museum

It is located in southern Ulaanbaatar, on the road to Zaisan. It is now a museum. The palace is the only one left from originally four residences of the eight Jebtsundamba Khutughtu, who was later proclaimed Bogd Khan, or emperor of Mongolia. The complex includes temples. On display are many of the Bogd Khan’s possessions, such as his throne and bed, his collection of art and stuffed animals, his ornate ceremonial ger, and a pair of ceremonial boots given to the Khan by Russian Tsar Nicholas II. 

Zaisan Memorial

Zaisan means tribal chief/religious officer. The students of the 8the Bogd Khan had a title of Zaisan who were the governess. Every year, about 200 zaisans came to Bogd Khan. They stayed in one of the Bogd Mountain’s side with belongings. There was a hill and they sacrificed it, celebrate a small feast. So since then people called the hill “the hill of the zaisans”.

Terelj National Park 

Terelj National Park is an exhibition of steppe regions of the southwestern part of Khentii mountain range. In 1993, the Gorkhi-Terelj area was protected as a National Park, especially because of its natural scenic beauty it has been used as a tourism destination by both Mongolians and foreigners since 1964.

Terelj was name of a plant (Latin ledum) which is very abundant in the area and which flowers at the end of the spring. Edelweiss is also very common here. The forests are full of birch, cedar, pine, willow, larch and aspen. Wildlife includes foxes, wolves and squirrels. The alpine scenery and fantastic rock formation of Terelj national park were the homeland of Chinggis Khaan and his hordes. The rock formations of Terelj National Park are fascinating, while more than 250 bird species make it an enchanting place to relax.

Some of rock formations resemble the long spiky bodies of prehistoric animals. The park’s most spectacular features are its huge granite blocks and cliffs as well as meadows rich in wild flowers. The two major rivers, Tuul and Terelj, are important as water resource for Ulaanbaatar. 

 

Chinggis Khaan Equestrian Statue 

The Genghis Khan Equestrian Statue, part of the Genghis Khan Statue Complex is a 40-metre (130 ft) tall statue of Genghis Khan on horseback, on the bank of the Tuul River at Tsonjin Boldog (54 km (33.55 mi) east of the Mongolian capital Ulaanbaatar), where according to legend, he found a golden whip. The statue is symbolically pointed east towards his birthplace. It is on top of the Genghis Khan Statue Complex, a visitor centre, itself 10 metres (33 ft) tall, with 36 columns representing the 36 khans from Genghis to Ligdan Khan.

13th Century Complex Park The “13th Century” complex has the environment of tourism attractions, ger camps, farms, statues and traditional entertainment areas, all in real lifestyle of 13th century era. Within this country, the rule of the law is strong and there is no television, electricity and phones are allowed for the real experience as the purpose of the 13th Century theme park is built and established in real time micro kingdom of the 13th Century to make the real experiences for the tourists during their stay by genuinely providing true environment of the way of living.

This is the only camp in Mongolia where you can visit the old time micro kingdom of Chinggis Khaan and his empire. By visiting the camp tourists will enjoy the craftsmen art work, Mongolian calligraphy, learn to write Mongolian traditional scripts, dine in the kings and queens palace, practice archery, horse training and catching horses with lasso pole, riding horses and camels or simply sit back and enjoy the beautiful countryside landscapes and the clear blue sky. 

 

13th Century Complex Park 

The “13th Century” complex has the environment of tourism attractions, ger camps, farms, statues and traditional entertainment areas, all in real lifestyle of 13th century era. Within this country, the rule of the law is strong and there is no television, electricity and phones are allowed for the real experience as the purpose of the 13th Century theme park is built and established in real time micro kingdom of the 13th Century to make the real experiences for the tourists during their stay by genuinely providing true environment of the way of living. This is the only camp in Mongolia where you can visit the old time micro kingdom of Chinggis Khaan and his empire. By visiting the camp tourists will enjoy the craftsmen art work, Mongolian calligraphy, learn to write Mongolian traditional scripts, dine in the kings and queens palace, practice archery, horse training and catching horses with lasso pole, riding horses and camels or simply sit back and enjoy the beautiful countryside landscapes and the clear blue sky.

Bogd Khan National Park

The Bogd Khan Mountain, along with Mongolia's other sacred mountains Burkhan Khaldun and Otgontenger, was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on August 6, 1996 in the Cultural category. With its nature and wildlife intact, Bogd Khaan Mountain boasts its beautiful scenery with green forests of pine, cedar, larch and birch covering the mountain. Place is ideal for hiking, horse riding and climbing as well as exploring the nomads daily lifestyle. Zurag orno. Also you can visit the Manzushir monastery, 18-th century monastery in Southern reserve. Established in 1733, it had over 20 temples and was once home to at least 300 monks. 

Hustai National Park 

The Mongolian Government declared Hustai National Park as a Specially Protected Area in 1993, one year after the initiation of the reintroduction project of the Takhi[1] (Przewalski's horse) to the Hustain Nuruu. The park is about 100 km from the capital city of Ulaanbaatar to the west. 

Hagiin Khar Lake

Hagiin Khar Lake, formed during the Quaternary glaciation, is located about 50 km northeast of Terelj National Park. The lake is 2 Km², 2.5 km long, 1 km wide and 30m deep. The lake is located in a very remote and inaccessible area. Fishing there is ideal, and we can catch plenty of carps. 

Gunj Temple

Gunjiin Sum,”temple of the princess”, is located inside Gorkhi Terelj Natural Park, in the area of Baruunbuyan, 140 kilometres (87 miles) Northeast of the capital. Dondovdorj built it in 1740. It has been protected since 1961. During the 17th century, the Mongolian Khan Dondovdorj and a Manchu princess fell in love to each other and married. When the princess was killed, Khan Dondovdorj and the Manchus decide to build a temple and a marble funeral monument in her honour.

The Mongolians sent 200 lamas to officiate in the temple. As the time goes by, the temple will host more and more pilgrims and will be extended. Unlike most monasteries in Mongolia, the temple of Gunj was not destroyed by Soviets, but fell in ruins because of negligence and vandalism.