Central Mongolia

Central Mongolia is a region in Mongolia. Central Mongolia Central Mongolia is where most visitors begin their adventures, arriving by plane or rail in Ulaanbaatar.

The nation’s capital and largest city, Ulaanbaatar contains an intriguing combination of the traditional and modern, where nomads’ gers and wooden temples sit side by side with concrete apartment buildings and modern high-rises. The steppes of Central Mongolia, beginning only a short distance from the avenues of Ulaanbaatar, are home to many of the nomadic families who travel the plains with their livestock, as well as small towns and ger settlements. In addition to its natural wonders, there are many historical sights to be explored in Mongolia’s heartland, particularly in the Orkhon River Valley, which contains archaeological remains dating back several centuries.

Places to visit: Khangai Mountains, Khogno Khan Natural Reserve, Elsen Tasarkhai sand dunes, Ancient capital of Mongol empire Karakorum, Buddhist monastery Erdene Zuu, Tuvkhun monastery, Tsenkher hot spa, Orkhon waterfall, Ogii Lake, Khorgo-Terkh National Park.

Activities: Hiking, horse riding, camel riding, experiencing nomadic culture, monastery visiting, sightseeing, fishing, bird watching, camping in the wild.

Khogno Khan Natural Reserve & Elsen Tasarkhai sand dunes

Khogno Khan Natural Reserve covers 46,990 hectares of land and is located in Rashaant county of Bulgan province. The taiga and steppe plants grow in this area and represent two or three different natural zones. This area was taken under state protection in 1997. This is a magnificent place with mountains, forests, steppes, Gobi-type desert and mineral water sources all in one location. In Khogno Khan Natural Reserve, there is an extraordinary sand dunes called Elsen Tasarkhai. "Elsen tasarkhai" is a part of the Great Mongolian Sand dunes and extends about 80 km. The scenery is a perfect combination of desert, picturesque mountains, river and green grassland. 

Ancient capital of Mongol empire Karakorum

Mongolia’s ancient capital, Karakorum, Chinggis Khaan’s fabled city, was founded in 1220 in the Orkhon Valley, at the crossroads of the Silk Road. It was from there that the Mongol Empire was governed, until Kublai Khan moved it to Beijing. It served as the capital for 40 years. Following the move, and the subsequent collapse of the Mongolian empire, Karakorum was abandoned. Whatever left was used to help build the glorious Erdene Zuu monastery in the 16th century.

Buddhist monastery Erdene Zuu

Buddhist monastery Erdene Zuu was built in 1586 by Abtai Sain Khan, upon the (second) introduction of Tibetan Buddhism into Mongolia, on the site Khara-Korum, the ancient capital of the XIII century Mongolian Empire. Stones from the ruins of Karakorum were used in construction. It is surrounded by a wall featuring 108 stupas. The number 108, being a sacred number in Buddhism and the number of beads in a Buddhist rosary, was probably envisioned, but never achieved. 

Tuvkhun monastery 

Tuvkhun monastery is one of Mongolia’s oldest Buddhist monasteries and located on the border of Övörkhangai Province and Arkhangai Province in central Mongolia. 

Hot springs of Tsenkher

Tsenkher is a natural hot spring flows out whole year from the ground at 85 Celsius degree, country’s second hottest, in mountainous Central Mongolia. It is located 1860m a.s.l and in 480 km from Ulaanbaatar capital city. The spring comes out from far deep part of the ground and its water is not mixed with soil waters because it is hot. Also the spring is kept in high pressure under the ground flow rate is high, 10 liters per second. The water has high mineral content and containing everything from simple calcium, sodium to sulphuric. Folklore claimed medical value some of this springs have, they are often popular tourist destinations for Mongolian people. 

Orkhon waterfall 

Orkhon Falls or ”Orkhonii Khürkhree”, white waves flowing on the black stone, transformed in rainbow by sunrays. These 16-metres (52,5 feet) high and 5-metres (16 feet) wide waterfalls are just magic! Orkhon waterfalls formed 20.000 years ago after a unique combination of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. 

Khorgo-Terkh National park

Khorgo Mountain is a dormant volcano located on the east shore of Lake Terkhiin Tsagaan (2,100 m above sea level). Khorgiin Togoo is the highest volcano crater in the Orkhon River Valley. From the summit of this basalt-covered mountain one has a splendid view over the whole region and the lake. The volcanic crater of the Togoo Uul is 200m wide and 100m deep.