Northern Mongolia

When we open our Mongolian compass and check the cardinal directions, we see the desert in the south, and the great, grassy steppe to the east. What lies around the northern aimags? The taiga, a pine-scented quilt of coniferous forest that blankets the boggy ground from northern Mongolia to the edge of the Arctic circle.

Places to visit: Pristine Lake Khuvsgul, Ancient Uushig deer stone, Amarbayasgalant monastery, Extinct volcano Uran Mountain, Reindeer Family.

Activities: Horse riding, hiking, trekking, exploring pristine nature, fishing, kayaking, rafting, visiting to tsaatan (reindeer breeding) family, experiencing shamanism.

Lake Khuvsgul

The Dark Blue Pearl, Lake Khuvsgul is Mongolia’s largest and deepest lake. Located in the northernmost provinces, it is the largest tributary stream of Lake Baikal Russia. Khuvsgul covers an area of over 1300 square miles is the home of reindeer people. Known as Khuvsgul is 1645 m above sea level and is frozen from January until April or May.

It is 136 kilometers (85 miles) long and 262 meters (860 feet) deep.Ii is the second most voluminous freshwater lake in Asia, and holds almost 70% of Mongolia’s fresh water and 0.4% of all the fresh water in the world.

Ancient Uushig deer stone

This memorial contains the most clearly depicted deer stone in Mongolia. These deer stones were aligned from north to south in a single column. Each stone is 3-20m distant from each other and was made of tetrahedral granite stone in reddish color. These oblong-shaped stone monuments are 1,5-4,8m high, 0,4-1m wide and 20-50m thick. Total 109 deer figures as well as human figures were carved on 14 stones. 

Amarbayasgalant Monastery 

Amarbayasgalant Monastery or the "Monastery of Tranquil Felicity", is one of the three largest Buddhist monastic centers in Mongolia. The monastery complex is located in the Iven Valley near the Selenge River, at the foot of Mount Büren-Khaan in Baruunbüren sum (district) of Selenge Province in northern Mongolia. The nearest town is Erdenet which is about 60 km to the southwest. 

Extinct volcano Uran Mountain

Extinct Volcano of Uran Uul is situated close to the road, and stretches from Bulgan town to Moron, administrative city of Huvsgul province for 80 kilometers northwest of Bulgan town.

The preserve takes up a province of 8 sq km with an altitude of 1,686m above sea level. This beautiful and the most famous volcano of Mongolia was active some 20 to 25 millions of years ago. It is actually mesmerizing mountain where Red deer, Argali, Wild boar, Siberian Ibex, ruddy Shelduck, and duck are found in this region. 

Reindeer Family 

The Dukha, Dukhans or Duhalar are a small Tuvan (Tozhu Tuvans) Turkic community of reindeer herders libing in northern Khuvsgul Aimag of Mongolia. The name Tsaatan, which means ‘those who have reindeer’ in the Mongolian language, were originally Tuvinian reindeer herders.

The Tsaatan people of northern Mongolia are a nomadic people who depend on reindeer for nearly all aspects of survival, as well as cultural, spiritual, linguistic, and economic identity. Today just over 200 Tsaatan inpiduals live in the Mongolian taiga, an ecosystem characterized by larch trees, high moisture, and sub-arctic conditions.

They move regularly within two main camp areas, between West and East Taiga, seeking pasture for their deer.